Are you trying to figure out a way or how to grow spider plants at your home? Then read this article in full. Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is one of the flowers that is largely grown at home, this is due to the fact that it is very easy to grow and so easy to care for. After my thorough research, added with my personal experience, i discovered the best methods to grow this flower plants.
Spider plants are grown at home either indoors with containers or outdoors in the garden during spring and summer. In which ever location you choose, plant the spider plant cuttings or spiderette in a very fertile soil and water them till they grow roots and start growing.
Growing of spider plant is what many new gardeners don’t quite understand, but fortunately, it’s not a big deal to grow, especially, at home.
Spider plant originated from Africa ( South Africa).
In order to grow this flower plant, you need to know what they need and what they don’t need, and this is the very important key to succeed in growing them.
Now let’s go into the complete guide on how to grow spider plants at home.
PREPARATIONS FOR SPIDER PLANT GROWING AT HOME
Before starting to grow this flower plant, first of all, you must decide where to grow them, wether indoors in your bedroom, parlor, bathroom etc or in your home Garden.
In which ever location you decide to grow the spider plants, you must prepare for it because the methods you can use to take care of the ones in your house is different from how you take care of those in the garden.
If you want to grow them indoors, first, get good flower pots or containers that has small or tiny openings at the bottom.
Get good loamy soil, but don’t go straight and pour them into the containers and plant the flowers, as many gardeners will suggest.
Instead, mix the soil with good amount both organic manures such as animal wastes and allow the manure to be absorbed by the soil by spraying them water and giving them time to dissolve in to the soil, thereby Fertilizing the soil greatly or apply chemical Fertilizer.
After the soil is okay with manure, then pour it in the containers or flower pots and get ready to plant the flowers.
If you are to grow them outdoors in the garden, there are things to consider, they are: The weather condition and the amount of sunlight that gets into the garden.
The best season to start spider plant cultivation is during spring and summer season because this is when the weather condition is very suitable to grow this plant.
Also there should not be excess penetration of sunlight or sun heat in the garden because this plant do detest too much heat and also too much cold and waterlogging, so it is a moderate weather plant.
Now you know the suitable condition for this plant, now site your garden according to the plants condition and prepare it.
To prepare the garden, use tools such as shovel, Cutlass, hoe, rake and wheelbarrow to prepare the garden by clearing the bush and weeds if any, prune the trees around the garden a little bit to accommodate small or tiny amount of sunlight, but don’t over prune them so that they give the spider plants enough shade.
When you are done with the garden preparations, make holes of about 3 inches deep in the soil where you will plant the flowers.
Note – If the garden is not very fertile, you can choose to apply manure on it before planting the flowers.
HOW TO PLANT SPIDER PLANT
Now you have fully prepared the place or where to grow them, then the next step is to plant them.
There are 3 known ways to grow spider plant, they are growing with the cuttings gotten from an old spider plant and growing from Spiderette ( the yield of a spider plant) or buy already growing snake plants.
To grow with the cuttings, take the cuttings to the container you prepared, plant them in there and water them, they will start rooting if kept in a suitable environment.
If you are growing with the Spiderette, they could be planted either in a container with water or directly in the soil.
To be honest, planting the Spiderette in direct soil is the best because if you plant them in a water, it will be very hard for them to adopt to growing in the soil later when transplanted in the soil.
When growing the Spiderette, put them in a different container, fill with soil or water and keep them closer with their mother plant, in that way, they will do exceptionally well than when growing them alone.
If you buy already growing Spider plant, go straight an plant them either in the garden or in a pot indoors.
CARE OF SPIDER PLANT
As I mentioned earlier in this topic, spider plants are easy to grow plants that does not have alot of problems, but that doesn’t mean they are invincible.
So they require some care which are as follows:
Application of Fertilizer/Manure: Manure or fertilizer is one of the greatest ways to give care to this plant.
Like I mentioned earlier, personally, from my experience and research, I find out that planting spider plants on a very rich and well fertile soil do help this flower plants alot, so I do suggest applying Fertilizer or organic manure on the soil before Planting, in order to get the soil fertile.
This will give the plants a nice boost immediately they root.
When they start growing, keep applying fertilizer for at least once in a month or 2, depending on how fertile your garden is, but don’t skip fertilizer if you are growing indoors in containers.
To apply Fertilizer, make round holes with your fingers around the flowers and apply the Fertilizer in there, according to direction of the Fertilizer, but if you are using organic manures, such as animal dungs, especially chicken dung, pour a hand full of them at the bottom of each plant and leave them there.
Spider plant require a soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8.
Watering/Irrigation: Spider plant is a kind of plant that does not need excess watering, this does not mean they doesn’t require water at all.
Watering process of this plant apart from the time they are planted. As I mentioned, if you are growing with the Spiderette, you can choose to plant them in water where they will root.
If you plant in the soil, you should water them frequently, till they root and when they do, then reduce the level of watering to at least once in a week or 2 feet, depending on the weather condition.
Spider plants do detest waterlogging or over watering alot, so make sure you measure the amount of water you apply. Half glass cup of water is okay per plant for 2 weeks when they have grown, but when they are small, half glass cup of water is okay per 2 plants on an average of 2 or 3 days.
In time of excess water or overwatering, this is why I suggest you plant them on containers that has small openings at the bottom and on soil that is highly draining, in order to Control waterlogging.
Weeding: Weeding is not necessary when growing Spider plants on containers indoors, but necessary when doing so in the garden.
You need to control them, or they will harm the flowers.
To control them, you need to weed them manually with weeding Hoes, rake and wheelbarrow to dispose them after uprooting them.
Although you might opt for chemical method such as the use of herbicide, follow instructions on the chemical.
Pruning: Pruning is the act of cutting plants and trees in order to achieve a certain goal with them.
When spider plants grow to some extent, they might need pruning inorder to keep them in shape and also beautiful.
Also If you want to plant new spider flowers, you can prune off some of the older plants, use their cuttings to grow new spider plants.
Exposure to Sunlight: Spider plants as I mentioned does not require full or hot sunlight, this doesn’t mean sunlight is not important to them, but to some percentage.
Spider plants do require an average temperature of 55 to 80°F to grow normal. It does normal outside zones 9-11
So whether growing them indoors or outdoors, the temperature should be suitable.
To give them access to the sun, which they need, don’t expose them completely or directly to the sun as it will be too hot for them, rather shade them a little bit from full sun.
If you are growing spider flower plants indoors, keep them at the corner of the room where the sun could get to them, but very weak and if you are growing outdoors in the garden, I do recommend leaving the trees around the garden intact or pruning them a bit, in order to control the amount of sunlight that get in that garden with the tree leaves and branches.
PESTS/DISEASES OF SPIDER PLANT ( Problems of Spider Plants)
This flower is not invincible to pests and diseases and other problems although it has lesser number of them, that’s why it is very easy to grow and take care of. Some of It’s problems are:
Spider plants are prone to tip burn. Tip burn is normally caused by dry soil, low humidity, or a buildup of salt and chemicals that are found in some water.
To control Tip burn, don’t allow the soil to totally dry before you give the plants water, and I will recommend you treat the water you give them also.
Another problem this flower have is brown discs which occurs on the leaves.
To get rid of the brown discs on leaves, use your fingernail to scrape off the brown residue every few days.
Mealybugs is another problem of this flower plant, to control them, use your fingers to crush them or use chemical.
VARIETIES OF SPIDER PLANT
Some of the Varieties of this plant are:
Vittatum: This variety has green foliage with a single off-white stripe down the center of each leaf.
Variegatum: this variety has an off-white stripe running along the edge of each green leaf.
HARVEST OF SPIDER PLANTS
When this flower plants mature, in some cases, they grow new plants known as Spiderette which is often harvested inorder to re-grow or sell them.
Not all spider plants do produce Spiderette. Before they could grow Spiderette, they must have enough have enough energy and nutrients.
ADVANTAGES OF GROWING SPIDER PLANTS
As a flower, it does provide beauty and decoration to home, which is the most important reasons they are being grown in the first place.
It is believed to filter/purify the air.
It does not affect pets, either dogs nor cats, so it’s safe to keep at home.
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